Come check out what's happening this month in Gunter!
The Gunter Gazette
October 2018

The Gunter Library & Museum
110 S Hwy 289 #4
Gunter, Texas 75058

Gunter Library participates in the Gunter Independent School District Homecoming Parade!


Sponsored by Parkhaven Dental

STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) has been updated to STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math.) Afterschool activities at the Gunter Library reflect that. During September, activities featured Toys from Trash, and included puppy puppets, mini motorized brushbots made from toothbrushes, balloon propelled cars, and robotic hands with fingers that moved. October activities feature Put a Spin on It, and will include Makey Makey Spin Art, wobblebots, magic spinning tops, and climbing ghosts. Children in 2nd – 6th grades are invited to meet at the library on Thursdays at 4:00 to imagine, create, and invent.


Library Update


September brought several changes to the Gunter Library. We are excited to welcome Jackie Kruzie as the new Library Director and Don Anderson as the new president of the Friends of the Library. Juanita Hazelton will still be Librarian, and will still provide afterschool STEM activities, but her day will change from Tuesday to Thursday, and STEM activities will be moved from Tuesdays to Thursdays at 4:00. Jennifer Woodwell will continue as Volunteer Coordinator and Children’s Librarian. Preschool story time will still be on Tuesday mornings at 10:30.


Visit the library’s new webpage at, designed by new Library Director Jackie Kruzie. We look forward to more of her creative genius! The new library webpage has easy access to the library’s card catalog and to OverDrive e-books. You can place a hold on a book right there online. You will find information about library services and events, read the latest issue of the Gunter Gazette and find back issues. Jackie’s Library Blog has lots of information about events in town, as well as library news. You will find out how to contact the library, and how you can donate to its funding. Check us out!


Do you read Spanish? Do you want to read some excellent books in Spanish or English? Visit the display of children’s books and well-known Spanish authors at the library for Hispanic Heritage Month, September 15 – October 15. Books on display include bi-lingual, Spanish only, and English only, but all are significant contributions of our American Hispanic culture.

Story Time with Ms. Jennifer!

Sponsored by Turrentine-Jackson Morrow Funeral Home

We would like to invite you and your friends  to join us each Tuesday morning at 10:30 for our Story Time Fun. 

We started out our month with the cutest book about being who we are and liking it!  I Don’t Want to be a Frog by Dev Pettys. We even made our own frogs to take home!  I always love to read a Pete the Cat Book and this month we read about Pete and his White Shoes!  We even made our own fruit pizza with all the colors of his shoes! With the beginning of the new school year we read a book about the Library Lion by Michelle Knudsen.  We even made our own Lion Puppet and ate our Book Worm Gummies!  The prettiest project we worked on was about Beautiful Hands by Kathryn Otoshi.  We painted our own beautiful hands to remember the day with! 


Come Join us!

GES Kindergarten classes visit the Gunter Library and Museum


The GES Kindergarten classes will be visiting the Gunter Library and Museum each month this year!  We totally enjoy having these bright faces join us for our Story Time.  Each month we pick a theme and read a story, play a game and do a craft.  We send home a fun snack to go along with our theme.  

This last month in September we read The Library Lion by Michelle Knudsen.  All about the cutest lion that came into the library and helped the librarian and children around the library.  See if your Kindergartners can remember the story!

This month after the story was read we split into two groups and one group got to go over to the New Funovation Station owned and operated by Mitzi Nelson.  It is a terrific place to take your kiddos for some interactive, hands on fun! Then we changed places and we made our lion puppet craft in the Library.  I hope you saw the cute Book Worms that they hopefully brought home!

Our goal at the Gunter Library and Museum is to help our students feel and understand that the Library is a fun, happy and interactive place to be!  Not only can they come with their families and check out books, but that we are also a place of learning and hands on interaction with our Maker Space, computers, our STEAM class and for the younger kids, Story Time.  We want to instill the joy of the library that will follow them throughout their education. 

Invasion of the Armyworms
-Juanita Hazelton

Did you wake up one morning after our recent rains to find your lawn brown and devastated? Or did you see small brown worms crawling everywhere? I found one crawling swiftly across the carpet in the library. Neil Sperry in his article tells us armyworms have hit “from Red River to south Texas, west Texas to the Sabine River.” While the situation looks bad, Neil Sperry tells us armyworms only feed on the blades of the grass and don’t affect the roots and runners. After our recent rains, the grass should be starting to green up again. Texas A & M has a site with some in-depth information about these annual pests at It says armyworms don’t hurt lawns long-term. The army worms like Bermudagrass and St. Augustine grasses the best. They also seem to like Johnson grass. Our lawn is mostly Bermuda grass; the house was built in a pasture. Overnight I can’t find a place to step that is not brown right down to the mud. I am happy to see the armyworms have ignored my pepper plants and basil. The tomato plants have been damaged some and the almost ripe tomatoes have been chewed. New green tomatoes seem undamaged. Organic gardeners are advised to let the infestation run its course, or treat with the natural insecticide, Spinosad.  We turned the chickens loose to eat the armyworms. The good news is that armyworms do not survive winter in areas where it freezes!

Come Support your Gunter Tigers and Library!
Be sure to check out the Gunter Library & Museum table at the home football games this season and support your local library! We have lots of school spirit items to choose from including car decals that are selling out fast! See you at the game!

Love What Matters

Victoria Prooday, an occupational therapist and speaker on modern-day parenting, shares important advice on our screen time-obsessed culture and the impact on our children's ability to focus in school.

Why are our children so bored at school, cannot wait, get easily frustrated and have no real friends?


I am an occupational therapist with 10 years of experience working with children, parents, and teachers. In my practice, I have seen and continue to see a decline in kids’ social, emotional, and academic functioning, as well as a sharp increase in learning disabilities and other diagnoses.

Today’s children come to school emotionally unavailable for learning, and there are many factors in our modern lifestyle that contribute to this. As we know, the brain is malleable. Through environment, we can make the brain “stronger” or make it “weaker”. I truly believe that, despite all our greatest intentions, we unfortunately remold our children’s brains in the wrong direction. Here is why:

1. Technology

Using technology as a “Free babysitting service” is, in fact, not free at all. The payment is waiting for you just around the corner.  We pay with our kids’ nervous systems, with their attention, and with their ability for delayed gratification. Compared to virtual reality, everyday life is boring. When kids come to the classroom, they are exposed to human voices and adequate visual stimulation as opposed to being bombarded with the graphic explosions and special effects that they are used to seeing on the screens. After hours of virtual reality, processing information in a classroom becomes increasingly challenging for our kids because their brains are getting used to the high levels of stimulation that video games provide. The inability to process lower levels of stimulation leaves kids vulnerable to academic challenges. Technology also disconnects us emotionally from our children and our families. Parental emotional availability is the main nutrient for child’s brain. Unfortunately, we are gradually depriving our children of that nutrient.

2. Kids get everything they want the moment they want

“I am Hungry!!” “In a sec I will stop at the drive thru” “I am Thirsty!” “Here is a vending machine.” “I am bored!” “Use my phone!”   The ability to delay gratification is one of the key factors for future success. We have the best intentions — to make our children happy — but unfortunately, we make them happy at the moment but miserable in the long term.  To be able to delay gratification means to be able to function under stress. Our children are gradually becoming less equipped to deal with even minor stressors, which eventually become huge obstacles to their success in life.

The inability to delay gratification is often seen in classrooms, malls, restaurants, and toy stores the moment the child hears “No” because parents have taught their child’s brain to get what it wants right away.

3. Kids rule the world

“My son doesn’t like vegetables.” “She doesn’t like going to bed early.” “He doesn’t like to eat breakfast.” “She doesn’t like toys, but she is very good at her iPad” “He doesn’t want to get dressed on his own.” “She is too lazy to eat on her own.” This is what I hear from parents all the time. Since when do children dictate to us how to parent them? If we leave it all up to them, all they are going to do is eat macaroni and cheese and bagels with cream cheese, watch TV, play on their tablets, and never go to bed. What good are we doing them by giving them what they WANT when we know that it is not GOOD for them? Without proper nutrition and a good night’s sleep, our kids come to school irritable, anxious, and inattentive.  In addition, we send them the wrong message.  They learn they can do what they want and not do what they don’t want. The concept of “need to do” is absent. Unfortunately, in order to achieve our goals in our lives, we have to do what’s necessary, which may not always be what we want to do.  For example, if a child wants to be an A student, he needs to study hard. If he wants to be a successful soccer player, he needs to practice every day. Our children know very well what they want, but have a very hard time doing what is necessary to achieve that goal. This results in unattainable goals and leaves the kids disappointed.

4. Endless Fun

We have created an artificial fun world for our children. There are no dull moments. The moment it becomes quiet, we run to entertain them again, because otherwise, we feel that we are not doing our parenting duty. We live in two separate worlds. They have their “fun“ world, and we have our “work” world. Why aren’t children helping us in the kitchen or with laundry? Why don’t they tidy up their toys? This is basic monotonous work that trains the brain to be workable and function under “boredom,” which is the same “muscle” that is required to be eventually teachable at school.  When they come to school and it is time for handwriting their answer is “I can’t. It is too hard. Too boring.” Why? Because the workable “muscle” is not getting trained through endless fun. It gets trained through work.

5. Limited social interaction

We are all busy, so we give our kids digital gadgets and make them “busy” too. Kids used to play outside, where, in unstructured natural environments, they learned and practiced their social skills.  Unfortunately, technology replaced the outdoor time.  Also, technology made the parents less available to socially interact with their kids. Obviously, our kids fall behind… the babysitting gadget is not equipped to help kids develop social skills. Most successful people have great social skills. This is the priority!

The brain is just like a muscle that is trainable and re-trainable. If you want your child to be able to bike, you teach him biking skills. If you want your child to be able to wait, you need to teach him patience.  If you want your child to be able to socialize, you need to teach him social skills. The same applies to all the other skills. There is no difference!

You can make a difference in your child’s life by training your child’s brain so that your child will successfully function on social, emotional, and academic levels. Here is how:

1. Limit technology, and re-connect with your kids emotionally

  • Surprise them with flowers, share a smile, tickle them, put a love note in their backpack or under their pillow, surprise them by taking them out for lunch on a school day, dance together, crawl together, have pillow fights
  • Have family dinners, board game nights, go biking, go to outdoor walks with a flashlight in the evening

2. Train delayed gratification

  • Make them wait!!! It is ok to have “I am bored“ time – this is the first step to creativity
  • Gradually increase the waiting time between “I want” and “I get”
  • Avoid technology use in cars and restaurants, and instead teach them waiting while talking and playing games
  • Limit constant snacking

3. Don’t be afraid to set the limits. Kids need limits to grow happy and healthy!!

  • Make a schedule for meal times, sleep times, technology time
  • Think of what is GOOD for them- not what they WANT/DON’T WANT. They are going to thank you for that later on in life. Parenting is a hard job. You need to be creative to make them do what is good for them because, most of the time, that is the exact opposite of what they want.
  • Kids need breakfast and nutritious food. They need to spend time outdoor and go to bed at a consistent time in order to come to school available for learning the next day!
  • Convert things that they don’t like doing/trying into fun, emotionally stimulating games

4. Teach your child to do monotonous work from early years as it is the foundation for future “workability”

  •  Folding laundry, tidying up toys, hanging clothes, unpacking groceries, setting the table, making lunch, unpacking their lunch box, making their bed
  • Be creative. Initially make it stimulating and fun so that their brain associates it with something positive.

5. Teach social skills

  • Teach them turn taking, sharing, losing/winning, compromising, complimenting others , using “please and thank you”

From my experience as an occupational therapist, children change the moment parents change their perspective on parenting.  Help your kids succeed in life by training and strengthening their brain sooner rather than later

Mummy Dogs–A Fun Halloween Treat

  • Author: Thriving Home
  • Prep Time: 10 mins
  • Cook Time: 12 mins
  • Total Time: 22 mins
  • Yield: 8 hot dogs


Make this kid-favorite, crowd-pleaser meal on Halloween night. Kids love the unique look of these hotdog mummies. Fun to make and eat!


  • 1 package hot dogs (look for nitrate, nitrite-free)
  • 1 package crescent rolls


  1. To make your mummies, slice the bottom of a hotdog open to create legs. Now carefully cut each side of the hotdog to make arms.
  2. Slice crescent rolls into thin strips. Wrap your strips imperfectly around the hotdog.
  3. Cook according to the crescent rolls’ instructions and serve warm.

John Chisum in North Texas

-Juanita Hazelton

On September 8, Merrill and I attended the Annual Cowboy Symposium in Lubbock, Texas. We heard a presentation by John Erickson, writer of the popular Hank the Cow dog series, and obtained a signed copy of his latest book, “The Case of the Monster Fire.” We also attended a presentation by Bill O’Neal, the Texas State Historian. He has written a new book, “John Chisum Frontier Cattle King.”  I knew very little about John Chisum, just enough to get him mixed up with Jesse Chisolm, of Chisholm Trail fame.

John Simpson Chisum, 1824-1884, was a pioneer cattleman, who in 1837, at thirteen, moved with his parents and family from Hardeman County, Tennessee to Red River County, Texas. As a boy, John Chisum’s nickname was “Cow John”, according to Bill O’Neal. Other names he earned after becoming an open range rancher, were “Jinglebob John” and the “Jinglebob King” for the distinctive earmark he developed for his cattle. He was also widely known as “Cattle King of the Pecos,” “Stock King of New Mexico, and “Cattle King of the West,” as O’Neal reports in his book. His cattle “numbered in the tens of thousands, and within a few more years Chisum owned more cattle than any other individual in America.” According to the Handbook of Texas Online, he was primarily a cattle dealer, not a trail driver, but his life illustrates the world of open range cattle operations after the Civil War.

But before he became known as a cattle baron in New Mexico, he was a businessman and rancher in north central Texas. His father, Claiborne Chisum, was one of the earliest settlers in Red River County, Texas. Early in 1838 he bought 2,085 acres for $10,000 and filed for a nearby grant of 1,280 acres from the Texas Republic. His wife Lucinda died October 31, 1837, leaving Claiborne with sons John, 13, James, Jeff, and Pitser, age three, and daughter Nancy who at 15 became the woman of the house. Two years later, Nancy married B.J. Bourland, in the first wedding held at what would become Paris, Texas. In 1840, Claiborne married Cynthia Latimer, a widow from Clarksville, with two children of her own. Claiborne and Cynthia had four more children. In 1841, Claiborne rode with a militia unit led by Colonel E.H. Tarrant, southwest from Grayson County, against Tonkawa, Caddo, and Cherokee Indian villages along Village Creek, where modern Arlington is now situated. When John began looking for an area to graze cattle in the 1850s, Claiborne described the country he had seen during the expedition.

John Chisum helped to build the Lamar County Courthouse, and other projects, worked as a store clerk in Paris, a road overseer in Hopkins County, operated several small grocery stores, and was also Lamar County Clerk from 1852-1854. He began buying steers and selling them to butchers in Paris and other communities.

In 1854 when he was thirty, he partnered with Stephen K. Fowler, a New Orleans financier, to purchase a herd of 1200 cattle in Colorado County in southeast Texas at six dollars per head. He bought 220 acres for a ranch headquarters and turned his cattle loose on the open ranges in Denton County. He built his “Great White House” on a hill overlooking Clear Creek, with a view in all directions and regularly provided meals to travelers and guests.  The 1860 Census valued the Chisum-Fowler cattle at $50,000. His cattle ranged as far southwest as Fort Worth.

Chisum had been ranching in Denton County for five years when a town began to develop less than three miles south of his home. Initially called New Prospect, in 1861 a new name was chosen, and the town of Bolivar, now at the intersection of Farm Roads 2450 and 455, just a few miles west of Sanger, and 14 miles north of Denton was established.

Chisum ran immense herds on the open range near running water and controlled surrounding pastures by right of occupancy.  The Chisholm Trail ran through his Denton County ranch, as well as the Wilson, Forester, and Waide ranches. In 1860 he was running 5000 head of cattle, valued at $35,000 on his Half Circle P ranch. He managed herds for neighboring families, and was an active cattle dealer looking for markets. He drove a small herd to a packing house in Jefferson. In 1862, he took a herd across Arkansas to the Confederate forces at Vicksburg. Open range in Denton County began to be more limited as towns, farmers and ranchers began to multiply.  After Indian raids in the fall of 1863, he and other cowmen in the Denton area started moving herds to Coleman County, to the Concho River near its junction with the Colorado. He and his partners soon had 18,000 head along the Colorado.

In fall 1866, he joined Charles Goodnight and others to drive cattle to feed 8000 Navajos on the Bosque Redondo Reservation near Fort Sumner, New Mexico. In 1868, the army resettled the Navajos in Arizona. Chisum supplied Goodnight, then ranching in Colorado, with Texas cattle for markets there and in Wyoming. He delivered 10,000 head a year, for three years, to Goodnight at Bosque Grande for one dollar a head more than Texas prices. During this period, he adopted the Long Rail brand and the Jinglebob earmark for his herds.

In 1872, he abandoned his Texas base and made Bosque Grande his headquarters. He claimed a range of more than 100 miles along the Pecos River., selling to markets in New Mexico, Arizona, and Kansas. In 1874, he contracted to provide beef to Apache reservations in New Mexico but lost as much as $150,000 of stock to marauding Indians between 1868-1874. In November 1875, he transferred over 60,000 head of cattle to Hunter, Evans, and Company, a St. Louis beef commission house which assumed his indebtedness of over $200,000. Chisum settled at South Spring River near Roswell, New Mexico.

Helping Hunter and Evans gather the cattle for market, horse thieves and renegade Indians, struck. There was little help being provided by Lincoln County authorities. He was drawn into the Lincoln County range war of 1878. He transferred a small herd of Jinglebob heifers wintering on the Canadian River in the Panhandle to his brothers Pitser and James Chisum. In 1879, they adopted the U brand, and returned to South Springs where they became active in local and territorial livestock associations. John Chisum died of cancer in December 1884, at Eureka Springs, Arkansas, and was buried in Paris, Texas.

Information for this article was taken from John Chisum: Frontier Cattle King, by Bill O’Neal, and from articles in the Handbook of Texas Online.


What do you know about this latest attack on Facebook and what you should do about it?

-Joe Woodwell

Edward C. Baig, reporter for USA TODAY on Sept. 28th writes that "Facebook says hackers exploited a vulnerability in the “View As” feature, awhich lets you see what your profile looks like to other people. Attackers were able to steal Facebook “access tokens” or the digital keys that keep you logged into Facebook so that you don’t need to reenter your password every time you use the app.

The vulnerability apparently stemmed from a change made in July 2017 in the way video was uploaded on the site, which the social network says impacted “View As.” Having obtained such access tokens, the bad guys were able to steal more tokens."

Is ViewAs Safe??
Forget safe. Right now Facebook has temporarily turned off the feature.

Is my own account safe?
The short answer is you can’t know for sure, so let's assume the worst and act as if your account has been hacked. If you're like me, on Friday, Facebook forced you and some 90 million people to log out of their accounts –representing the 50 million it knows were affected, plus 40 million other accounts that took advantage of the View As feature in the last year.

Can I trust Facebook?
There are Facebook’s 2.2 billion active users. It would be hard to blame anyone who doesn’t trust Facebook. My personal opinion is trust no one except yourself. So, make yourself and your accounts as secure as possible.

Should you change your password?
My recommendation is that  you change your password immediately – and not only at Facebook, but at Instagram, Twitter and other social media accounts as well.

Also, consider using a two-factor authentication security key such as Yubiko's YubiKey or the Google authentication devices.

Baig writes: "You hear this all time, but don’t use the same passwords at each place, either, something all too many folks do. McAfee research reveals a third of people rely on the same three passwords for every account they’re signed up to.

"Follow other longstanding cybersecurity best practices. For Tyler Moffitt, senior threat research analyst at threat intelligence provider Webroot, such practices include “disconnecting any unnecessary apps or games in social media platforms, making sure two-factor authentication is enabled and never giving out personal or financial information in your profile or private messenger conversations.”

"Visit Facebook’s Help Center – click the circled question mark near the top of the screen to get there –to change your password, implement two-factor authentication (Facebook will ask for a security code if it notices a log-in from an unusual device), or take other steps. Meanwhile, in the Security and Login settings, you’ll see a list of all the places that you log into with your Facebook account; Facebook lets you log out of all those places at once with a single click."

Small Talk

-Mitzi Nelson, M.S., CCC-SLP

“Teach the children…so it will not be necessary to teach the adults.”-Abraham Lincoln

Sharing is hard.  It’s a hard skill to teach, it’s hard skill to learn, and sometimes it’s a hard skill to do even as an adult.  But sharing is essential to developing relationships and maintaining friends throughout life.

There are two types of ways to share.  One is to take turns with an object. For example, two children taking turns playing with the same toy.  This is the first type of sharing most people think about. It is also something many parents are concerned about teaching their children how to do.  Parents want their children to know how to share toys. This is an important skill to teach and children must be given lots of opportunities to practice sharing to know how to do it.  

The other type of sharing is sharing ideas and thoughts.  This type of sharing is easier for many children to do and sometimes it is not recognized as a skill.  Make no mistake, though, this is just as important as learning to share toys. This type of sharing is the basis for understanding the art of conversation and connecting with another individual.  Unfortunately, the skill of sharing thoughts, ideas, experiences, and feelings is sometimes unintentionally hindered by parents. For example, a child might talk on and on about a video game to their parent.  Even if uninterested in the topic it is important for the parent to listen. This is the child’s way of learning to share information. If the parent tunes out, the message to the child is “what you are sharing is not important to me”.  Digitally distracted parents also send a message to the child that says they are not interested in what the child has to share when the child is attempting to talk to them but the parents are engrossed in TV or phone. Over time, the child stops attempting to share.  

Ironic isn’t it?  Parents spend so much time and concern teaching one type of sharing (sharing toys) but hinder the development of another type of sharing (sharing ideas/feelings).  

Here are a few tips to encouraging your child to develop the skill of sharing thoughts, feelings, and experiences:

1)  Ask your school-age child to tell you one thing that happened in their day that made them feel happy and one thing that they did not like.

2)  LISTEN to your child, whatever the age.  As children get older, they will stop talking to you if over time you have not be an active listener.  

3)  While reading with your child, ask them how the characters might be feeling during different parts of the story.  

4)  While reading, ask your child about a time they can remember when they felt like a character in the book or when they did something like the character in the book.  This also aids in reading comprehension skills.

5)  Turn off the radio, videogames, TV while riding in the car.  This forces conversation to happen naturally in the car. It might be uncomfortable at first, but it will become more normal the more you do it.  Start small, if needed, with 5 minutes at a time and increase incrementally.

6)  Model sharing thoughts and ideas.  Talk to your child about things that happened in your day.  This teaches the child to relate, listen, and share. Be ready to give your child a turn to talk as you actively listen.

The most important thing is to give yourself and your child TIME to share.  Lives have been changed by the simple skill of connecting with another. It’s a skill that must be taught just like teaching a child to share a toy.  Take the advice of Abe Lincoln, “Teach the children…so it will not be necessary to teach the adults.”

Check-Out Library Materials 24/7 Online!

Gunter Library and Museum card holders can check out eBooks and eAudiobooks through OverDrive and their great new app Libby. You can find out more by going to Libby is highly recommended for first time eBook readers, it is so easy! You can also easily read or listen directly from your browser by going to Here are some quick steps to getting started if you already know your library card number and password.

  1. Click on Sign in on the upper right corner of the page.

  2. Select Gunter Library Museum from the drop down menu on the left side of the page.

  3. Type in your library card number.

  4. Type in your PIN (you may email if you do not remember your PIN).

  5. Click on Sign in.

  6. Search for title, author, or keywords or just browse.

  7. Click on Borrow, then go to Loans under My account at the top of the page.

  8. Click on Read in Browser. If you are using the app and want to have it available when not connected to WI-FI click on Download and choose EPUB.

Pro Tips

  1. If the word Borrow is under a title it is available to check out. Place a hold puts you on the waiting list when the book is checked out to someone else.

  2. A book symbol lets you know it is an eBook.

  3. A headphone symbol lets you know it is an eAudiobook.

  4. Items check in automatically after 2 weeks, but you can return most titles early if you would like.

  5. Three dots lets you know that there are more menu options available if you click on them.

  6. The Libby app will remember your library card information for multiple accounts and multiple libraries.

  7. Pressing the spacebar will advance one page forward in the book. The left and right arrow keys will move you back and forth one page. The up arrow will let you know how far you are in the book and allow you to change the text size.

If you want to join the eBook crowd but just aren’t getting the hang of it, email us for an eBook assistance appointment at

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110 S Hwy 289 #4, Gunter, TX, 75058